As a direct outcome of the Optimara Space Violet program, the development of EverFloris Violets began in 1984, when Optimara launched 25,000 Optimara seeds into space aboard one of NASA's space shuttles. The seeds remained in space, orbiting the Earth, for nearly six years. (The Long Duration Exposure Facility, on which the seeds orbited, is shown at right.) The program was conceived to test the effect of long-term exposure to cosmic radiation and lack of gravity. When the seeds were retrieved in 1990, many mutations soon became apparent. One such mutation resulted in a new characteristic which Optimara has dubbed 'multiflorescence.' This characteristic gives Optimara Violets an extraordinary abundance of flowers which never stop blooming. Compared with PMA standards, which define a finished African Violet as having five to seven open blooms, a multiflorescent Optimara variety will have at least 20 open blooms. Students will take their violets home when they are rooted.
We also checked up on the progress of our Petosky stones. Take a look at this beautiful rock that one of the children worked so hard on. Rock polishing can be great fun for children and adults alike. I can't wait to see them all when we are finished. Take a look at Samuel and Lucas sanding their beautiful stones.
After cleaning rocks and making planetary snacks we got down to business and performed some experiments using a bell jar. By pumping the air out of the jar, we can simulate the lack of oxygen and conditions in space. Nathan my trusty lab assistant put some marshmallows, shaving cream and a balloon consecutively in the jar and then proceeded to pump out the oxygen. Everything got very LARGE. Now we understand why astronauts wear space suits!
Boo Bubbles helped illustrate the cold gassey conditions surrounding some of the planets such as Saturn. Dry ice in warm water forms a cold gas. We then dip the gas flowing out of the tube into a special bubble mixture. Out pops a huge cold bubble that the children tried to hold with their gloves.
We tried to make these paper space rockets. I will NEVER do that again. These seemingly simple rockets are not so simple to put together. For parents trying to do this at home please use tape to put the nose cone and the body of the rocket together. The fins fit together like this. Austin is our resident fin expert. If you need help putting these together I will get you in touch with Austin for some extra special help. We were all fiddling with them while Austin simply put them together in a moment. Not fair!
We went outside to experiment with rockets. The children tried to predict if the rockets would fly higher with more water or with less. If you want to try this at home click here.
This month we tackle Simple Machines and Magnets. See you then!